A strong majority of people in Washington, D.C.’s most diverse communities say they’re happy with where they live, according to a new study of race and neighborhood satisfaction.
The study is one of the first to gauge residents’ satisfaction in such a diverse urban population and could build better understanding about the realities of living in mixed neighborhoods, particularly in other racially diverse cities like Los Angeles and Houston.
“There’s a perception that integrated neighborhoods are unstable, particularly because of white flight, but I think this research will help people see that the long-term viability of diverse neighborhoods is possible,” said lead author Johns Hopkins University sociologist Michael Bader.
The findings are newly published in Social Problems.
A generation ago nationwide studies on multiracial neighborhoods found that residents, specifically white residents, viewed them negatively. But Bader wanted to study D.C., a city and suburbs that together boast one of the largest number of racially integrated neighborhoods, because having grown up there and spent years living and working there, he was skeptical that those earlier findings would hold up.
He surveyed 1,500 residents in 100-plus multiracial neighborhoods in 2016 and polled a random sample of people from neighborhoods throughout the area in 2018. Areas included Washington, D.C., Prince George’s and Montgomery counties in Maryland, and the city of Alexandria and Arlington and Fairfax counties in Virginia.
He found more than 70% of multiracial neighborhood residents, across races, were happy living in integrated areas. Though Bader suspected residents in multiracial neighborhoods would be happy there, he was surprised that their satisfaction was so high.
“The high level of satisfaction shows that attitudes have evolved about living in multiracial neighborhoods,” said Bader. “Dating back to the ’60s, ’70s, and even into the ’80s, if a neighborhood became integrated it was almost certain to be re-segregated within 10 or 20 years. That’s just not the case anymore.”
- Overall, 34.5% of all residents of multiracial neighborhoods thought that their neighborhoods had improved over the previous five years. Only 11.5% of residents thought that their neighborhoods got worse. Just over half, 54%, thought that the neighborhood stayed the same.
- Black and Latino residents were as likely as white residents to report that their neighborhood had gotten worse.
- White residents were less likely than residents of color to think that their neighborhoods improved: 26.9% reported that their neighborhoods improved while 60.4% believed that the neighborhood stayed the same. In comparison, 37.8% of Asian residents, 36.9% of Black residents, and 39.5% of Latino residents reported that their neighborhoods improved.
Bader plans to interview respondents from the 2016 survey to identify factors that affect their satisfaction. He will also research the role race plays in people’s awareness of neighborhoods and where they consider living.
This study was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Center for Child Health and Human Development grant P2C- HD041041; Maryland Population Research Center; and the Center for Latin American and Latino Studies, College of Arts and Sciences, and Office of the Provost at American University.